Milliken & Milligans of Kishacoquillas Valley,

Cumberland & Mifflin Cos. Pennsylvania, USA

Transcripts from Rev. G. T. Ridlon’s book on the Millican, Milligan, Millikens and Mullikens

Robert John MILLIKEN, said to have been an uncle of James Milliken Esq., first of the Milliken barony, Renfrewshire, Scotland, was a native of Ayrshire and a scion of an old and respectable family of agricultural pursuits, who early established themselves on the southern border of Caledonia. In consequence of religious persecution, he, with others of the name, when a young man removed to the north of Ireland and sat down not distant from Dromore, in the County of Down, where he married Agnes MacFarland, descended from an old titled Scottish clan through a junior branch settled in Ireland during the early years of the Plantation of Ulster. There are some reasons for believing that this Robert Milliken was twice married and that sons and daughters were born to him before the advent of James and Hugh through whose letters the name of their father was found by kindred in America. The fragmentary and disconnected parish records extant, now deposited in Dublin, are not sufficiently complete to establish full genealogical associations; besides, the frequent occurrence of the same Christian names, of contemporary dates, renders the identification of individuals exceedingly difficult; this holds good also with census return records kept in Belfast.

The crest of this family differs slightly from that of James Milliken Esq., of Renfrewshire, recorded at the Lyon Office in Edinburgh, and is described as follows: "A demi-lion royally crowned gules, holding in his dexter paw a sword, ppr.

“With the ancient Milliken motto, “Regard Bien”.


1. James MIILLIKEN, son of Robert; b. near Dromore, Ireland, m. Elizabeth DAVIS, and was brought to America with his family in 1772, by his son Samuel, and was settled on the Conewago, near Harrisburg, Lancaster Co., then in Lancaster Co., Pa. He died soon after his emigration, and was buried at Lancaster, Pa. He had issue one son and four daughters, see 3rd generation.

2. Hugh MILLIKEN, second son of Robert, was a farmer near Dromore, County Down, Ireland, and did not come to America. He was the ancestor of a numerous race of Mlillikens and Milligans, some of whom remained in their fatherland, while others followed their kindred to Pennsylvania and Ohio; and their posterity, a prosperous, intelligent, and respectable people, are scattered into nearly every state in the Union*.

Ridlon’s Notes: *There is an old paper in possession of Emily J. Dewees, Hollidaysburg, Pa., written by Rev. Samuel John Milliken, in which he has stated of Samuel Milliken, his father: “He returned to Ireland and brought in four men who had to work for him four or five years; one was Pat Hughes. The last time my father came from Ireland, a David Milliken came over with him. They were cousins. I think he was Hugh Milliken’s son. He married Mary Beaty in 1787. They went to Ohio in 1802. Had a large family. Some of Hugh Milliken’s family came to this country afterwards, but I do not know where they settled.”

As James Milliken had but one brother, this David must have been his (Hugh's) son. See "Millikens of Cumberland Co., Pa."


Children of James Milliken and Elizabeth Davis

1. Samuel MILLIKEN, son of James; b. in Dromore, Ireland, 1746, became the recognized head of one branch of the Milliken family settled in Pennsylvania. He m. in 1775 Miss Margaret Foster, who was b. in Lancaster Co., Pa., in 1753. As proven by his certificate of church membership, he preceded his father and came to America in 1768. (In this document his surname was spelled "Milligan," an error of the parish clerk.) * He was a linen manufacturer and merchant, and located on the Schuylkill River, near Philadelphia. He made no less than five voyages to America, and on one of his return trips brought his father to his then residence on the Conewago. Soon after the death of his father he joined emigrants, who had been friends and acquaintances in Ireland, and located a colony in the beautiful and richly fertile valley known as Kishacoquillas, in Mifflin Co., Pa., not distant from the Juniata River, which territory was then comprised in Cumberland Co., Pa. He made location of a large tract of land, parts of which are still owned by his descendants. Here Samuel Milliken became a farmer. This settlement determined the religious character of the inhabitants of the whole valley for many years as staunch Scotch-Irish Presbyterians.

The district was then an Indian frontier, and many harvests were gathered by this sterling yeomanry with their rifles on their backs. One of the conspicuous peaks of the mountain range, which encloses the valley on the north, perpetuates the name by its designation of "Mlilliken's Knob" and "Milliken's High Top." In the same range, but beyond the limits of the present county, there is further recognition of the family name in "Milligen's Cove."

A letter read at a recent centennial celebration of the First Presbyterian Church of Kishacoquillas Valley, written by Samuel Milliken's wife, was addressed to him in Washington's army at Valley Forge. He had, with certain neighbours, when learning of the suffering and distress of the army, collected voluntary contributions of food and clothing, and with their teams delivered the same to the soldiers then stationed at Valley Forge, a distance of 150 miles. He died Oct. 28, 1804.  There were six sons and three daughters, of whom with 4th generation.

* Certificate (Testimonial) "This is to certify that Samuel Milligan is a prodistant, born &: bred in the Parish of Dramore, County Down, and his behaviour has always been, in even, respect, regular and such as to recomend him to the esteem and friendship of all his acquaintances & may be received into any Congregation of his Society, wherever Providence may cast his lot”.

Given at Dramore, 20 May, 1768.        Signed ….. Wm. Henery, Minister.

Robert McClurdy

Robert Clingston


Note: First Presbyterian Church of Dromore, Co Down.

In 1753, the Rev. William Henry succeeded Mr. Allen who resigned in 1752. He came from Loughbrickland, and was licensed by the Dromore Presbytery in 1751. From May 1753 he ministered in Dromore until 1776, in which year we find he moved to First Comber. He died in 1789, ‘much and deservedly lamented.' He had a son who entered the Ministry, and also practised Medicine. He was the father of the Rev. Dr. P. Shulham Henry, the President of Queen's University Belfast. He was also Moderator of the Synod of Ulster in 1803.

Ridlon’s Note: Samuel Milliken, son of James and Elizabeth Davis, and John Davis, were first cousins and married sisters; the former took Miss Margaret Foster and the latter Miss Catherine Foster. This was a double "tiewoggle".

2. Jane MILLIKEN, eldest daughter of James; b. near Dromore, Ireland; came to America in 1772 with her father's family, and became the wife of Robert Patterson of Scotch-Irish stock; said to have been married in Ireland.

3. Nancy MILLIKEN, second daughter of James; b. near Dromore, Ireland, was m. to Robert Garner in Pennsylvania. When, in 1774, Robert and John Campbell removed their families from near Wilmington, Del., to Mifflin Co., Pa., there came in their company a young man of twenty-four years, who bore the name of Robert Garner. This journey of 170 miles was made with white-covered, heavy-built wagons, one for each family, and in the train were some cows, colts and swine. When the Campbells had established themselves in the Kishacoquillas Valley this Robert Garner made his home with them till he m. Miss Nancy Milliken, an event supposed to have been solemnized in 1776 or 1777. Having spent twenty-four years in Mifflin Co., Pa., this family removed to Centre County and located on a large tract of land near the head of Spruce Creek, in Ferguson Township, where, we suppose, they passed the remainder of their days. He and all members of his family are said to have been Presbyterians. For reasons now unknown, the surname was changed from Garner to Gardner. They had children.

4. Isabella MILLIKEN, third daughter of James; b. near Dromore, Ireland; was m. to John Harbinson, of Pennsylvania.

5. Sarah MILLIKEN, fourth daughter of James; b. near Dromore, Ireland; was m. to John Holt, in Pennsylvania. Descendants are living in Pennsylvania, and full records were promised but did not reach the compiler's hands.


Children of Samuel Milliken and Margaret Foster

1. James MILLIKEN, eldest son of Samuel; b. Jan. 19, 1776; m. Oct. 28, 1812: Miss Ann Cunningham, of Chester Co., Pa., and resided in Lewiston, Pa., where he was a distinguished merchant and banker. He served in the legislature of the state and was prominent in advocating good roads and other early improvements. He died in Lewiston, Pa., June 12, 1851. He had issue five children.

2. Samuel MILLIKEN, second son of Samuel; died without issue.

3. David MILLIKEN, third son of Samuel; b. in Cumberland Co. Pa., about 1780; m. Mary Ann Steely. He was a merchant and farmer, and with military tastes was a volunteer under Gen. Winfield Scott at the battle of Lundys Lane. He died issueless. Mar., 1860. His wife d. in Belleville, Pa.

4. Robert MILLIKEN, fourth son of Samuel, b. in Cumberland Co., Pa., Mar. 14, 1793; m., 1st, Dec. 21, 1813, Ann McNitt, b. near Reedsville, Pa., Nov. 21, 1796, being the daughter of Robert and Jane McNitt, the father being killed by a falling tree. Ann was the mother of eleven children. She died Oct. 19, 1835. He m. 2ndly, Aug. 22, 1837, Sarah b. Johnson, daughter of the Rev. James Johnston, many years pastor of East Kishacoquillas Church and who died near Brown’s Mills. She was the mother of two children. He m., 3dly, Nov. 17, 1851, Rebecca Long, widow, by whom he had no issue. Mr. Milliken was a farmer, a ruling elder in the Presbyterian Church; one of nature’s noblemen. Was of medium size and fair complexion. He lived on part of the old Milliken homestead and died there Nov. 20, 1855.

5. Foster MILLIKEN, fifth son of Samuel; b. April 24, 1794; m. June, 1819, Nancy Thompson of Mifflin Co. Pa., and was a general merchant and ironmaster. He was one of the sheriffs of Mifflin County. His death occurred Mar. 31, 1831. There were three sons and one daughter.

6. Joseph MILLIKEN, sixth son of Samuel; b. Oct. 19, 1797; m. Feb. 19, 1822, Elizabeth Moore Patton, daughter of Benjamin and Phebe (Moore) Patton, b. Jan. 25, 1801. Her parents were Frankstown, Blair Co., Pa. They celebrated the 50th anniversary of their marriage in Lewiston, Pa., Feb. 19, 1872. They had with them on that occasion seven daughters and two sons. He died April 16, 1875; his wife died at Lewiston, Pa., Feb. 28, 1876. He was a distinguished merchant and banker, resident in Lewiston, and had a family of eleven children.

7. Barbara MILLIKEN, eldest daughter of Samuel; b. Feb. 22, 1780; was m. Jan. 6, 1800, to James Whitehill, near Bellefonte, Pa., b. Mar. 1, 1771, and died Aug. 15, 1844. For about ten years they at Bellefonte, but removed to Clarion Co., Pa., and settled near Edinburg, where they remained. She died April 13, 1850. Three sons and four daughters.

8. Jane MILLIKEN, second daughter of Samuel, was m. to John Cooper, and lived at Hollidaysburg, Pa. She had children.

9. Elizabeth MILLIKEN, third daughter of Samuel, was fatally injured by falling from a horse when a young woman and unmarried.

Millikens of Cumberland County


This family is descended from Robert-John Milliken of Dromore, County Down, Ireland, and is closely related to the branch under the designation, “Millikens of Kishacoquillas Valley," and "Millikens of Washington County”, Pennsylvania.

1. David MILLIKEN, son of Hugh Milliken, who was a son of Robert-John Milliken of Dromore, Ireland, where he was born in 1749, and was in his eighteenth year when in 1766 he came with his mother, brothers and sisters and settled in Cumberland Co, Pa. They were assessed in that portion known as the Kishacoquillas Valley, Mifflin County, as the public records do prove. Mr. Milliken enlisted and served, probably in the Pa. militia, in the war of the Revolution, although no record has been found to verify this statement save such as was handed down in his family. He often related the privations and sufferings of the soldiers during the war and of his own capture by the British. He was not a prisoner long, however, before he managed to make his escape with one of his comrades. They did not enjoy their freedom more than a few days. Having gone some distance from their captors undiscovered, they congratulated themselves on their good fortune when, by a sudden turn in their course, they were brought face to face with some officers of the enemy's army. The ready native wit of the Irishman served them in this emergency, and their explanation concerning their identity being satisfactory, they were allowed to continue on their journey. This meeting furnished a clue to the enemy, and mounted officers soon covered the route that had taken the refugees two days to travel. They were overtaken, recaptured, and each received thirty-nine lashes on his bare back, well laid on, the honored scars of which they carried down to their graves. In 1782 Mr. Milliken received an honorable discharge from the army and returned to his home in the Kishacoquillas Valley, where he soon afterwards, probably in 1783-4, m. Mary Beatty. This couple resided there until 1793, when homesteads in Ohio were offered on such liberal terms by the Government that he was induced to remove to that land of promise. He was granted land in Harrison County, near the present town of Cadiz, where their two last children were born. He died December 10, 1833, aged 77 years, and was interred in Cadiz, where his will was recorded. His widow died in Union Co., Ohio., in the fall of 1843, aged 85 years. They had children: John (b. 1785), Sarah, David, Jane, Joseph, William and Thomas Milliken, b. March 5, 1084.

Abstract of David Milliken's Grant.

In the Land Office at Harrisburg, Pa., a record of a grant of land was found from which the following abstract was copied "March 29, 1796, to David Milliken, 300 acres, situate in Armagh Township, in Mifflin County, called 'Belmont.' Recites that the tract was surveyed in pursuance of a warrant dated the 29th January, 1794 granted to John Milliken who by will dated 26 February, 1794 demises the same to Thomas and David Milliken and the said Thomas Milliken by deed dated 27th October, 1794 Released all his right in the said Tract to the said David Milliken." Owners of land adjoining mentioned: S. Beard, Jos. Jacobs, M. Thompson and Pat. Hughes.

Military Service Records (not contained in Ridlon’s book)

David MILLIGAN, enlisted in Cumberland County, June 1776, as a Private in Captain Jeremiah Tabott’s Company, 6th Pennsylvania Regiment, Continental Line: taken prisoner at Battle of Three Rivers in Canada and “taken to Quebec-put on board a vessel bound for England. On arriving in the Thames, he was imprisoned aboard the 74 gunship Cornwall-sailed along the coast of Africa, being absent six months, then placed on board a store ship which sailed for New York. While lying off he went out with two others, in a boat to obtain fruit. After landing he prevailed on all the others to desert, which they did and went with him to Philadelphia.”

Enlisted the 25th of May, 1781, as a Private in Captain John Boyd’s Bedford County Rangers for a term of seven months, re-enlisted for 18 months, quartered at Bedford during the winter; “and the next Spring they marched to Frankstown, where they built a blockhouse, remained stationed there during summer of 1782. In the succeeding Fall they returned again to Bedford when they again went into winter quarters and continued until the Spring of 1783. They returned to Frankstown and there remained until June.”

Born 1749, in County Down, Ireland; resided in Kishacoquillas Valley, now Mifflin County, in 1781; married Mary Beatty on the 23 of March, 1786; resided in Cadis Township, Harrison County, Ohio, 1833.

[Hoenstine, Floyd G.: Military Services and Genealogical Records of Soldiers of Blair County, Pennsylvania (Harrisburg, 1940), p. 43]

2. Thomas MILLIKEN. a son of Hugh Milliken, was b. in Dromore, County Down, Ireland; came to Pennsylvania when a young man with his widowed mother, brothers and sisters and remained with them until maturity; then settled in Washington Co., Pa., alongside of his kindred, the family of James and Dolly MacFarland Millikin of the Dromore stock, who came over about the same time. By the will of his brother, John Milliken, of date February 26, 1794, he, with his brother David Milliken, received 300 acres of land in Armagh Township, Mifflin Co., Pa., called "Bellmont," and by deed of same date this Thomas released all his right in said land to the said David his brother. Thomas Milliken married a widow Elizabeth Sinclair who had several children by her former husband. He made his will January 7, 1832, in which he mentions children named Margaret, Isabella, Robert, Jane, Sarah, and John deceased, who were his legal heirs. To his wife he gave 150, and all that was scheduled in connection with his will which she possessed before her marriage to him. On June 9th, 1840, eight years after the death of her husband, Elizabeth Milliken of Chartiers Township, Washington Co., Pa., made her will in which she mentions her son, Samuel Sinclair, and daughter, Mary Sinclair. Her will was probated Nov. 16. 1841. Numerous descendants of Thomas and Elizabeth Milligan are scattered throughout the middle and western States. They had children: Mary Jane, Maria, Isabella, Lydia Anne, Joseph, Sarah Amanda, Thomas Benton, Albert Milliken.

3. John MILLIKEN, son of Hugh Milliken, was b. in Dromore, Ireland, and came to this country with his mother, a widow, and his brothers and sisters, in the year 1766. He was in Captain George Bell's Company of the 5th Battalion, Cumberland Militia, and was in active service in 1778. He removed to Washington Co., Pa., when he died unmarried.

Abstract of John Milliken's Will

In Will of John Milliken—After his funeral expenses and just debts are paid out of his personal property, the remainder thereof he devises to his Mother. ''I further give and devise to my two brothers, Thomas and David, all that tract of land, situate, lying and being in the Township of Armagh and Mifflin County, on which my brother David now lives, to be equally divided between them both, reserving to my brother David the exclusive possession for the full term of six years, to commence from the first day of April next and I hereby bequeath to my youngest brother Joseph Milligan all my wearing apparel and lastly I give and bequeath to my brother-in-Iaw, Daniel Shells, all the Bills, Bonds, Notes or accounts whatsoever that stands against him on my behalf and I hereby appoint John Fleming and John Millson, Sole Executors of this my last Will and Testament.''

Dated 22nd day of February A. D. 1794.

Proven Aug. 6th 1794, before Samuel Edmiston, Register.

4. Joseph MILLIKEN, son of Hugh Milliken of Dromore, County Down, Ireland, came to Pa. in 1766, in company with his mother, brothers and sisters, and served with his brother John in Capt. George Bell's Company of the Cumberland Militia, being in active service in 1778. He married Jeanetta Black in Dromore, Ireland, — so says a grand-daughter, — and removed from Pa. to Bourbon Co., Ky., of which Paris is the county seat. He purchased about 300 acres of land and cleared a large farm on which he remained until his death which occurred when advanced in life. No record has been found. His children were Joseph B., William, Anna, and Sarah.

5. Sarah MILLIKEN, daughter of Hugh Milliken, was b. in Dromore, Ireland, and being left fatherless when a child came with her mother to Pa. She was married to Mr. Cubison of Washington Co., Pa., with whom her mother, old Mrs. Milliken, made her home during the last few years of her life, and where she died in the early part of the last century at the reputed age of one hundred and ten years. The author doubts the truth of this statement.

6. Elizabeth MILLIKEN, daughter of Hugh Milliken of Dromore, Ireland, came to Pennsylvania with her mother when young, and became the wife of a Mr. Sankey. No other information.