Millican, Milligan, Millikan, Milliken, Millikin, Mullican, Mulliken, Mullikin etc

The Mulligans, Milligans and Millikens of Granshagh

 Tullyquilly and Rathfriland

County Down

The early history of the Mulligan, Milligan, Millikens of Rathfriland and its outlying districts can be traced only with certainty from about 1750 onwards. On 20 May, 1750, James Mulligan of Glascar, blacksmith, purchased a farm with its land from James Todd of Glascar in the parish of Aghaderg in County Down. The indenture of lease compiled between both parties was witnessed by Joseph McMoan farmer, of Ardkeeragh in the parish of Donaghmore and Robert Mulligan, labourer, of Tullyquilly in the parish of Drumgath.  A copy of this lease is preserved in a Deed of Memorial taken out by James Mulligan on 20 August, 1757, and witnessed by Robert Mulligan, labourer, of Tullyquilly, and Rodger Mulligan, weaver, of Granshagh. The fact that Robert Mulligan witnessed both the Indenture of Lease and the Deed of Memorial suggests he was more than likely a brother of James Mulligan. Rodger’s place is no less significant, as he appears to have lived at what was probably the original farm leased either by himself or the father of these men sometime before 1750.

Transcript of the Deed of Memorial

A Memorial of Indented Lease bearing dated the Twenty Eight day of May in the year of our Lord God One Hundred Seven Hundred and fifty and made between James Todd of Glascar in the parish of Aghaderg in County of Down farmer of the first part and James Milligan of the same blacksmith of the other part, whereby the said James Todd for the consideration in the said lease mentioned did demise grant sett and to farm let unto the said James Milligan all that and those the third part of his, the said James Todd’s  farm in Glascar foresaid which he, the said James Todd held from Richard Johnston of Gilford Esq. by virtue of a lease bearing date the seventh day of April One Hundred and Seven forty five, that is to say, the part of the said farm which the said James Todd had reserved for himself on a division then lately made by him said farm. Together with the Kiln and Samuel Machestral’s house and a third part of the common belonging to said farm, as also the House then belonging to the said James Milligan with the rights and appurtenances there unto belonging or in any to use appertaining, estimate lying and being in Glascar aforesaid. Excepting and always reserving out the said demise the dwelling house wherein the said Todd then lived in and half of the office house as thereunto belonging. To hold unto the said James Milligan his heirs, executors, administrators and assignees (except as before excepted) for and during the natural lives of Mary and Martha Todd daughters to the said James Todd and John Todd son of Andrew Todd of Ballynaskeagh in said County and for and during the life and lives of the longest of them, they being the lives mentioned in the said Grand lease so made by the said Johnston to the Todd as aforesaid. And for and during the Term of Thirty one years to be computed from the first day of November One thousand and Seven Hundred and thirty seven if the said Mary & Martha & John Todd should happen to die before then and of said term of thirty one years, the said demise to commence from and after the day or days of the Death of the said James Todd and Jane Todd his wife and the longest liver of them and not sooner and from thence forth fully to be completed and ended at and under the yearly rent of four shillings Sterling for every acre plantation measure that said premise should contain on a Survey to be made thereof. Together with a third part of all the fees and duties reserved in said Grand lease and also yielding and paying over and above the said four shilling acre yearly unto Jannet Todd the said James Todd’s daughter yearly and every year from and after her said mother and mother’s death to the end or sooner determination of the said demise if she should out live her father and mother, the yearly rent or sum of forty shilling Sterling or to find her in sufficient meat drink cloaths washing and lodging to be recovered and sued for as the said forty shillings and the fees and duties are made recoverable by said demise  The said rent, fees and duty and the said forty shillings a year to be paid half yearly at May and November during said term over and above all the subsidies and impositions whatsoever (that rent and chief rent only except). In which said Indenture of lease there are clauses of Distress and entry and other clauses common and in between Landowner and Tenant, which said Indenture of Lease is witnessed by Joseph McMoan of Ardkeeragh, farmer, and Robt Mulligan of Tullyquilly, labourer, both of the said County and the Memorial witnessed by the said Robt Mulligan and Rodger Mulligan of Granshagh, weaver.

Signed and sealed by the said James Mulligan

In the presences of Robt and Rodger Mulligan on 20 August, 1757.


1. Register of Deeds (Dublin), Volume 186/483/125547.

2. Glascar = Glaskerbeg in Freeholders Election Check Book for Co. Down 1783-87. In this book, James Milligan registered his 40s shilling freehold in 1781. Also, James Todd paid £10 on 13 August, 1787, for freehold registered on 12 April, 1750 for 40s.

3. Glasker = modern Glasker Bridge and located not some distances from Granshagh and Tullyquilly on the road from Loughbrickland and Rathfriland.

Robert Mulligan of Tullyquilly

Robert Mulligan of Tullyquilly lived at Granshagh prior to leasing the old McQuiggan farm in the townland of Tullyquilly from the earl of Hillsborough. In a lease dated 20 August, 1753, he is called Robert Mulligan of Granshagh, farmer. This lease also gives the names of two of his son, Joseph Mulligan his eldest son aged eight years, and Robert Mulligan his second son aged six years. An abstract of the lease is given below, which also has his signature. In County Down and in other parts of Ulster, some of the Scottish Mullikin/Muliganes from Dumfriesshire and Galloway continued to use the variant style Mulligan until after the 1798 Irish Rebellion, when a number of families, including my own, adopted Milligan or Milliken. Robert’s name appears in the account and specie books of the earls of Hillsborough from 1754 onwards.

Lease of Robert Mulligan of Granshagh

Indenture of Lease dated 28th August, 1753 between Wills, Earl of Hillsborough and Robert Mulligan of Granshogh, County Down, farmer, in consideration, demised, granted that part and parcel of land statue lying and being in the townland of Tullyquilly containing 17 acres, 2 roods, 8 perches.

To hold from 12th May 1753 during the natural life of Robert Mulligan, of Joseph Mulligan, eldest son of Robert Mulligan aged eight years, and Robert Mulligan second son of the said Robert Mulligan age six years and for the during the natural life of the longest life of them. Annual rent £2 17s 3 1/2d.

Signed Robert Mulligan

[Source: PRONI D/671/L7/30]

Robert Mulligan of Tullyquilly died in 1785, as his heir and successor, probably Robert and George Mulligan, as representatives continued to pay the annual rent due to the farm to the earl of Hillsborough.

Joseph Milligan of Charleston, South Carolina

Robert's son, Joseph Mulligan aka Milligan, emigrated to North America in 1771, where a series of letter and documents relating to Joseph and his family have been pass down and can be studied in more detail on Maria Locke Bell’s book called ‘Bell and Allied Families of Columbia, S.C. (1955) pages 62 to 67.  The abstract of documents is listed and along with the names of his children and grandchildren. The document is a letter or certificate of commendation:

The following certificate shows that Joseph Milligan was about to sail for North America in 1771.

"The bearer Joseph Milligan is born of very honest and reputable Protestant parents. He hath behaved from his infancy, honestly soberly being free from every kind of vice. He is unmarried man and as he is about to sail for North America, he is hereby heartily recommended to all well disposed Christians. Certified at Rathfriland in the County Downe, 28 July, 1771.

Signed Sam Barber, Diss. Min.

William Gordon

The Rev. Samuel Barber was minister of First Presbyterian Church, known as the Auld Kirk, and had been formed in 1662. Its first minister, Rev. Alexander Gordon (ordained in 1679), was succeeded by Rev. Robert Gordon (1711-1762) and Rev. Samuel Barber (1763-1811), who was imprisoned in Downpatrick Gaol for 2 years for alleged complicity in 1798 Irish Rebellion, but only served about six months of his sentence before he was released.

The next certificate is similar to the first.

Hopewell Presbyterian Church, Long Canes, Abbeville County, South Carolina

February 5 1793 is hereby certified that the bearer Joseph Milligan has lived the seven years past in this congregation been a spirited supporter, lived an honest and useful life both as a citizen and Christian. He is in full communion in the church and has been sometime, past in the station of Lay-Elder, having been regularly inaugurated into that office. It is also hereby certified that Margaret Milligan his wife has supported and still does support among us a blameless Christian character, conducting with uniform prudence in her life. They are hereby recommended to any Society they may choose to join.

By order of the Session

Francis Cumming.

Will of the first Joseph Milligan 1746-1809

To Wife Margaret all household furniture and House No 73 in King Street Lot and Land where I now reside shall be for use during her life time. Also use of children while they live with her. My stock of goods 20 shares in S. C. Homespun Co. and Cash remaining after all debts paid, shall be property of my wife and our six children, Rachel, Elizabeth, Mary Byers, Jane, Joseph and Margaret. When daughters leave home or make a living for themselves at their departure they receive 1/7 part of Cash or goods.

Three Lots of Land which I purchased at the sales of the Estate of Gen. Christopher Gadsden to be sold when son Joseph is 21 and money divided to give equal share to my wife Margaret Milligan. The house and Lot No 73 King Street also all negroes and property not yet mentioned to be sold for cash and equally divided among my 7 children Susannah, Rachel, Elizabeth, Mary Byers, Jane, Joseph and Margaret as many are living.

I appoint Mr. James Adger and Mr. John Christian Belle both of Charleston as executors and my wife Margaret Milligan executrix.

Signed February 18, 1809, Joseph Milligan

Proved September 22, 1809, James Adger and John C. Belle Ex.

Roger Eager and George Pringle Witnesses

October 2, 1809, Qualified Margaret Milligan EX.

[Historical Commission Wills, Vol 31 page 252]

Dated August April 5, 1876

“My Dear Kate, You asked me to write you all I know of the Milligans, but I am a very poor chronicler of the past and remember but a small part of what I once knew. My grandfather’s name was Robert Milligan who lived near the city of Newry in County Down, in, or in the immediate neighborhood of village or small town named Rathfriland. He was married twice. By his first marriage he had three sons, Joseph Milligan my father, Robert Milligan, and Thomas Milligan, I do not remember if any daughters. By the second marriage he had children but I do not know how many. One of them a son came to the U. States and settled in New York. In the year 1809 when my father, Eliza, and sister Ellison spent the summer at the North they called on him. He was engaged in the tobacco business.

In 1856-1859 I received letter from Arthur Harper Grimshaw of Wilmington, Del. Making inquiry about relationship. Mr. William Grimshaw, his father married Harriet Milligan, a cousin of ours. He was the author of several school histories – some of which you may have seen. This Harriet Grimshaw (Milligan) kept a very respectable school for young ladies in Philadelphia and I often passed the house on Chestnut Street when I was in that city in 1822. Mrs. Harriet Grimshaw’s father (Milligan) died and his widow married Mr. Arthur Harper an Irish gentleman. I remember seeing Harriet Milligan then just married to Mr. Grimshaw with Mr. Arthur Harper and wife at our house in Mazyckbrough in days of my boyhood.  Mr. A. Harper was often at Mr. Rupels, Mr. Adgers, and at our house. Mary Adams knew more than any of the rest of our family of the genealogy of the Milligans, but death has cut us off from the source of information. “There was in Deleware I think a gentleman of our name Judge J. J. Milligan. He was a member of Congress and a man of distinction. This Judge Milligan may have been a son of my father’s brother who once lived in New York.”

The above are excerpts from a letter signed “Joseph Milligan”.

Dr. Milligan’s cousin, Harriet Grimshaw, wife of William Grimshaw, was the daughter of Lt. James Milligan and Elizabeth M’Allister of Charlston, S.C.  Lt. Milligan served in the Continental army in York County in the 1780s and married his wife in Charleston on 31 May, 1783.  Judge J. J. Milligan, otherwise John Jones Milligan of Wilmington in New Castle County, Delaware, bore no connection to Joseph Milligan or his family. He was the son of Robert Milligan and Sarah Jones of Bohemia Manor, Cecil County in Maryland.

Pedigree of Joseph Milligan son of Robert Milligan of Tullyquilly near Rathfriland.

Joseph MILLIGAN, b. February 12, 1746; d. September 2, 1809; m. Margaret BYERS on March 16, 1777, She was born January 25, 1761; d. August 5, 1820, aged 59 years.

1. Robert MILLIGAN, b. April 8, 1778; d. May 6, 1778.

2. Susannah or Susan MILLIGAN, b. July 22, 1779; m. John Ellison in 1798, had issue 6 children:

Susan Ellison, b. 1817; m. James Adger.

3. Robert MILLIGAN II, b. Octobert 13, 1781; died January 3, 1785.

4. Margaret MILLIGAN, b. April 9, 1784; d. August 25, 1786.

5. Rachel MILLIGAN, b. March 9, 1787; d. December 3, 1861; m. February 15, 1811, 1st, John Russell of Ireland, 2nd, Evan Dickinson Jones of the District of Columbia:

1. Edward Culliott Jones, b. July 21, 1822.

2. Eliza Catherine (Kate) Jones, b. October 24, 1825; d. July 31, 1912. She was the 2nd wife of Dewitt Clinton Gov. of New York.

3. James Clinton Jones, b.1827; d. March 1861.

6. Elizabeth (Eliza) MILLIGAN, b. September 15, 1790; d. May 26, 1868; m. December 2 1812, to Capt. John H. Silliman. He was lost at sea in 183-- "son of Prof. Benjamin Silliman Sr. M. D. LLD Professor of chemistry, Pharmacy, Mineralogy and Geology, Yale College where he graduated in 1796. He was born August 8, 1779 in North Stratford, Trumbull, Conn. Children:

1. Emily Margaret Silliman, b. October 13, 1813; d. August 2, 1841; m. Joseph Benedict Betts, no issue.

2. Henry Kollock Silliman, b. April 2, 1827; m. Marion Robertson daughter of Dr. Frank Robertson and niece of Mrs. Archibald Boggs.

7. Mary Byers MILLIGAN, b. November 13, 1792; m. David Lawrence Adams.

8. Jane MILLIGAN, b. March 6, 1795; d. November 26, 1860.

9. Joseph MILLIGAN M. D., b. January 29, 1800; d. August 23, 1884; m. 1st wife, Elizabeth Fripp Adams daughter of Benjamin Adams and Mary Rebecca Chaplin, m. 2nd, Elizabeth Jones Camfield daughter of Abiel Camfield and wife Rebecca Longstreet. See next generation.

10. Margaret MILLIGAN, b. February 7, 1802; d. November 10, 1861.

Children of Joseph MILLIGAN and Elizabeth Fripp ADAMS:

1. Henry Dickson MILLIGAN, b. Charleston November 22, 1821, in Charleston; d. September 6, 1827, at St. Andrews Parish S. C.

2. Joseph Adams Silliman MILLIGAN, b. May 19, 1823, in Charleston; d. October 14, 1875; m.  Octavia Philura Camfield daughter of Abiel Camfield and Rebecca Longstreet on January 2, 1849; Octovia was born October 30, 1824; d. 1868 (Joseph A.S. Milligan’s father, Joseph Milligan’s 2nd wife was sister to Octavia Philura Camfield). Joseph and Octavia Camfield Milligan had no issure.

3. Mary Jane MILLIGAN, b. June 20, 1832, in Hamburg S. C; m. William T. Richards on November 7, 1850.  William was born in 1825 and the son of Thomas Richards, who was born in Devonshire England in 1798. Thomas Richards emigrated to USA and was living in Philadelphia in 1820, before removing to Augusta, GA. He married Amanda Stoy daughter of Dr. Frederick Stoy of Philadelphia and Abigail Walter.  Mary Jane and William T. Richards had issue:

Joseph Milligan Richards married Julia Bell.

Elizabeth Richards.

Mary Jane Richards, b. August 8, 1857; m. Edgar Stovall Wilson on April 27, 1876.

Catherine Jones Richards, b. June 12 1864; d. October, 1912; m. Baudry Moore in November 1882. He was born March 29 1860; d. November 9, 1925.

4. Benjamin Chaplin MILLIGAN, b. June 20, 1832, in Hamburg S. C; d. August 8, 1834, Hamburg.

5. Charles Edward MILLIGAN, b. April 28, 1837, in Augusta, Georgia; d. August 17, 1837, Augusta.

6. Emily Augusta MILLIGAN, b. January 19, 1839, in Augusta, Georgia; d. August 20, 1840, Augusta.

Children of Joseph MILLIGAN and Elizabeth Jones CAMFIELD:

1. Rebecca Camfield MILLIGAN, b. March 18, 1844; d. February 20, 1847.

2. Lewis Ford MILLIGAN, b. November 4, 1845, killed in battle Mission Ridge, Tenn., Nov 25, 1863.

3. Henrietta Dawson MILLIGAN, b. July 31, 1848; m. Henry Lea Graves on June 2, 1869. He was born Newton County GA,on January 7, 1841; d. December 18, 1892.

4. Emily Margaret MILLIGAN, b. June 6, 1850; d. September 6, 1922; m. John Bell October 12, 1875.

5. Elizabeth Camfield MILLIGAN, b. October 26, 1852; m.  Iverson S. Paine of Newton County, Georgia, on August 3, 1882.

6. Marion Randolph MILLIGAN, b. February 17, 1855; d. March 13, 1932; buried Elmwood Cemetery, Columbia, S. C.

7. Alice Octavia MILLIGAN, b. March 14, 1857; d. November 11, 1858.

Roger Mulligan of Granshagh

Roger Mulligan, weaver of Granshagh in 1757, is almost certainly the same Roger Mulligan whose name appears in the Index to the Administration Bonds for the Consistorial Court of the Diocese of Dromore. In 1761, the court granted an administration bond of which the original was destroyed in a Fire in Dublin in 1922. Only the index reference has survived and it simply notes the name of ‘Roger Mulligan’, who probably died in 1760. As a lease and property could be inherited it seems he bequeathed his farm in Granshagh to his heir or assignee. If the case, he may well have been the father of Thomas Milliken, also spelt as Mulligan and Milligan, who was one of the original founders of the Rathfriland Volunteers.  It was formed in 1779 and numbered 70 volunteers. Lord Glerawley afterwards became colonel and the Rev. Samuel Barber the corps captain.

The Rev. Samuel Barber of Tullyquilly was minister of First Rathfriland Presbyterian Church and served this congregation from 1763 until his death in 1811. The minute book of the corps, which is cited in an article on The Rev. Samuel Barber, a.m., and the Rathfriland Volunteers, lists the names of the original volunteers, including, Thomas Milliken. The list is dated September 12, 1779 and in it, he signed himself as Thomas Milliken. On May 27, 1780, he also signed a receipt No. XXXIII for a gun and bayonet as “Thos. Milligan”.  Each volunteer promised to be accountable for its use. There seems to have been another Thomas, who had two young sons, Robert and John Mulligan, respectively, aged 10 and 6 years in 1789. He purchased a lease for a farm in the townland of Ballydoo in the parish of Drumgath, already in his possession, from Francis Charles Annesley of Castle Wellan, Lord Glerawley, on January 20, 1789.  This Thomas was unable to sign his name, which points to him being a different individual.

A copy of the original lease still survives and has been abstracted below.  

Indenture of Lease dated 20th January, 1789, between Right Hon. Francis Charles Lord Viscount Glerawley and Thomas Mulligan of Ballydoo, farmer, reciting a grant of a farm or parcel of land in the townland of Ballydoo now in the possession of the said Thomas Mulligan lying in the parish of Drumgrath measuring 15 acres, 1 rood, 16 perches. To be held by Thomas Mulligan and his heirs from 1st November during the natural lives of the said Thomas Mulligan, Robert Mulligan aged about 10 years and John Mulligan aged 6 years sons of the leasee and the survivors and survivors of them. Yielding and paying yearly rent of £9, 4 shillings, 2 pence, with corn and grained to be grounded at the Mill of Lisnamulligan.

Witnessed by John Moore and Thos Ferguson. Signed Thos 'his mark' Mulligan.

[PRONI D/1503/1/7/7]

On June 11, 1789, Thomas Mulligan of Ballydoo registered this lease at the County Down court in Downpatrick. In that year, many Protestants throughout Ireland registered their property, either owned outright or leased for certain terms, to qualify and ensure their right to take part in the 1790 Irish Parliamentary election .  From 1727 to 1793 only Protestants with a freehold worth 40 shillings a year were legally entitled to vote in the elections. We also find James Mulligan in Rathfriland registering his property in Rathfriland on June 10, 1789, which he leased from Sir John Meade, Lord Clanwilliam. This lease is dated January 26, 1789.

From the Index of Wills for the Diocese of Dromore (the original pre-1858 wills were largely destroyed in 1922), in 1821, James Mulligan in Rathfriland is described as late of Ballynafoy in the parish of Annaclone.  The Mulligan family of Ballynafoy and Lisnasliggan were a branch of the Mulligans of Banbridge, whose ancestor James Millikin was the son of one of five brothers, Robert Millikin of Belfast and Dromore.  I have searched the Day Book of Renewal Fines on leases of the town of Rathfriland 1771-1840 (Meade Estate D875/3) and Renewable Lease Book of the for Rathfriland 1677-1831 (Meade Estate D875/4) and found no references to any Mulligans, Milligans or Millikens, etc, in the surviving Meade estate records.

I have been unable to establish Thomas Milliken’s home address in 1779 and in the absence of evidence to the contrary, it seems he probably lived in the townland of Granshagh, today known as The townland of Gransha, which is located in the parish of Newry and lies in the upper reaches of the parish next to the townland of Tullyquilly. Along with the townland of Ouley, it is wedged between the parishes of Aghaderg and Drumgath on the main road running from Loughbrickland to Rathfriland.  In the 1700s, the townland of Gransha belonged to the Nedham family of Mourne Park near Newry, and was one of a number of townlands that comprised the Newry Estate owned by the Nedham family since 1716. There are no early rentals for the estate and the earliest bundle of leases for the townland of Gransha only dates from 1790, but none relate to Thomas Milliken.

D2638/B/98: Leases for Gransha 1790-1804: Counterpart lease by Sir William Nedham to:

1790, 1st May - William Ellison for 45a 1r 19p of land (D2638/B/98/1)

1790, 1st May - Hugh & John McKee for 13a 12r 4p of land (D2638/B/98/2)

1790, 1st May - John Halliday for 10a 1r 38p of land (D2638/B/98/3)

1790, 1st May - Thomas McKee for 26a 0r 30p (D2638/B/98/4)

1790, 1st May - John Nichelle for 21a 0r 30p (D2638/B/98/5)

1790, 1st May - Joseph Black for 21a 1r 16p (D2638/B/98/6)

1790, 1st May - Hugh McKee for 29a 1r 7p (D2638/B/98/7)

1790, 1st May - Thomas Ellison for 29a 0r 0p (D2638/B/98/8)

1802, 1st May - John McMahon for 7a 3r 5p (D2638/B/98/9)

1803, 1st May - Joseph Black for 6a 0r 35p (D2638/B/98/10)

There are several Mulligans mentioned in the Kilmory Estate Rental of 1820 (D2638/9/1/2), which forms another part of the Nedham estate papers, but none reveal the name of Thomas Milliken.

Trevor Hill, Newry Estate Rental 1820

Alteniveagh, Ballinlear, Crowreagh, Upper & Lower Ballyholand, Upper & Lower Common’s, Carrbane, Drumcashlone, Lisdrumliska, Derry beg, Lisdumullion, Ballinacraig, Strand, Church Street, High Street, Mill Street, Castle Street, Low Ground, William Street, Boat Street, Market Street, North Street, Gransha, Edenmore, Ouley, Cloghey, Fatham, Lower Fatham, Buttercrane, Crobane, Sheeptown, Derrylacka, Dyserts.

Lisdumgullian, half yearly James Mulligan, £0.10.6. (Also mention of Edward Corry).

Ballinacraig, Edward Mulligan £1. 9. 4.

Cloghey, Patrick Mulligan £1. 12. 10 1/2.

In the 1700s, the surname Milliken was often spelt as Milligan or Mulligan in official and church records. To what extent then, we can with confidence identify or treat Thomas Milliken and Thomas Mulligan of Ballydoo as either the same or two separate individuals will depend on what else comes to light in the future. This may clarify, for example, if Thomas is the same Thomas Mulligan, who married Margaret Mulligan at the First Rathfriland Presbyterian Church on January 21, 1792.  Since Thomas Milliken is known to have been in the Rathfriland Volunteers (by then under the commanded of the Rev. Samuel Barber of Tullyquilly), it is very likely he was a member of the First Rathfriland Presbyterian Church and this was a second marriage for either him or Thomas Mulligan of Ballydoo. However, at the time of writing, there are two very compelling reasons to believe Thomas Milliken should be identified with Thomas Mulligan of Ballydoo and if accepted, it is more than likely, he was the son of Roger Mulligan of Granshagh.

Firstly, the name ‘Roger Mulligan’ appears in the Spinning-Wheel Premium Entitlement List of 1796 and he lived in the parish of Drumgath. As part of a Government scheme to encourage the linen trade, free spinning wheels and looms were granted to individuals planting a certain area of land with flax. The lists of those entitled to the awards, covering almost 60,000 individuals, were published in 1796, and record only the name of the individual and the civil parish in which they lived. This Roger could easily have been an elder son of Thomas Milliken and since Tullyquilly and Ballydoo are both located in the parish of Drumgath, it is suits him well.

Secondly, the name Roger was carried by another man who after the 1798 Irish Rebellion lead by the United Irishmen, which in Ulster consisted of many Dissenting Presbyterians drawn from the Volunteers, is said to have fled County Down and settled in Ayrshire in southwest of Scotland.  

After the battle of Saintfield (June 9, 1798) and Ballynahinch (June 12, 1798), the Rev. Samuel Barber was arrested, as it was believed he was involved with the United Irishmen. By then he was aged about 60 years and although, he does not appear to have taken part in either battle, he was nonetheless an important figure and leader of men. It is believed he was still nominally in command of the men who were in the old Rathfriland Volunteers, which had been disbanded but some of whom took part on the Rebellion. After the United Irishmen were defeated by Government forces, those that could either went into hiding or fled the country. Some are known to have sought refuge in Scotland and the timing of Roger Milliken’s first appearance in Ayrshire, suggests he might well have been one of those who took part in rebellion and even more probable, he is the Roger Mulligan listed in the Spinning-Wheel Premium Entitlement List of 1796. Future DNA testing may well confirm if this family are related to the Mulligan Family of Dromore and Banbridge.

Roger Milliken of Catrine, Ayrshire

Roger MILLIKEN was born about 1765 in Ireland, and died about 1835 in Catrine, Ayrshire, Scotland. He married Frances DICKSON, daughter of John Dickson and Martha NESBIT, in Ireland about 1795-96. Frances DICKSON was born c.1767 in County Down, Ireland, and died September 4, 1855 in Mill Square, Catrine, Ayrshire, aged 88 years. She was buried at Catrine Churchyard. The date of Roger’s death has gone unrecorded; he we know he was certainly died by the time of the first National Census of Scotland in 1841, when his wife, Frances, was living with her son Thomas at Wood Street in Catrine, Ayrshire.

Wood Street, Catrine Village, 1841 Census

Thomas Milligan, male, aged 30, cotton handloom weaver, born Ayrshire.

Fanny Milligan, female, aged 70, born Ireland.

Martha Milligan, female, aged 40, cotton spinner, born Ayrshire.

In his book on the History of Millikens, Milligans and Millicans, the Rev. G. T. Rildon’s states, Roger Milliken was a resident of Co. Down, Ireland, and removed to Scotland, settling in the village of Catrine in Ayrshire early in the 19th century. He goes on to say, Rodger’s family surname was “Milliken” but was changed to “Milligan”, through the influence of a schoolmaster probably in Catrine (Ridlon, Rev. G. T.: History of the Families of Surnamed Milliken, Millikin, Millikan, Millican, Milligan, Mulliken (1907), p.788). Roger appears to be the same ‘Roger Mulligan’ in the parish of Drumgath in County Down, who in 1796 applied to the Irish Linen Board for one spinning wheel.

It seems, Roger may have been the brother of "Thomas Milliken", otherwise of Mulligan, who joined the Rathfriland Volunteers in 1779. At the Irish Rebellion in 1798, many of the volunteers, joined the rebellion and fought at Ballynahinch. After the defeat of the United Irishmen in 1798, many of those Presbyterian who took part in the rebellion fled the country and it is possible Roger Milliken with his young family escaped to Scotland where he later found employment in St. Quivox’s village in Ayrshire as an agriculture labourer.

Children of Rodger MILLIGAN AND Frances DICKSON:

Martha MILLIGAN, b. 1797 in Ireland; d. January 18, 1865. According to her death certificate, which was registered by a neighbour, Andrew Goldie, she was aged 67 years. At the time of her death, she was living at Mill Street, Catrine. She never married and worked for many years as a Mill Worker in the Cotton Factory

Janet or Jean MILLIGAN, b. October 18, 1802, in St. Quivox’s village; baptised at St. Quivox Church on October 11, 1802; d. October 24, 1842.

John MILLIGAN, b. September 3, 1804, in St. Quivox’s villiage; baptised at St. Quivox Church on September 7, 1804; d. April 17, 1874, Chapel Street, Airdrie, Lanarkshire. See 2nd Generation.

Rachael MILLIGAN, b. November 21, 1806, in St. Quivox’s village; baptised at St. Quivox Church on September 21, 1806. Her surname is spelt Millikan in the baptismal church register. She is not mentioned in 1841.

Thomas MILLIGAN, b. October 27, 1807, in Tofts in the parish of Tarbolton; baptised on October 29, 1807, at Tarbolton Church, Ayrshire; d. 1851, aged in Catrine, Ayrshire.

Frances MILLIGAN, b. April 21, 1810, in Foldhead in the parish of Mauchline; baptised on May 6, 1810, at Mauchline Church.

Robert MILLIGAN, b. November 16, 1811, in the village of Catrine in the parish of Sorn; baptised at Sorn Church on December 8, 1811. See 2nd Generation.

William MILLIGAN, b. June 12, 1815, in Catrine in the parish of Sorn; baptised at Sorn Church on June 18, 1815. Died young.


John MILLIGAN eldest son of Roger and Frances MILLIGAN, b. September 3, 1804, in the village of St. Quivox; baptised at St. Quivox Church on September 7, 1804. He married Jean McGILL daughter of Thomas McGill and Agnes McGhie, at Sorn Kirk on February 1, 1836. With his wife and young family, John appears in the first Scottish Census of 1841, when the family lived 31 Wood Street, Catrine, and his occupation is given as cotton handloom weaver.  He appears again in the 1851 Scottish Census, when his occupation is given as power loom tenter, the mechanic who tended and repaired the weaving power looms.

John’s father-in-law Thomas McGill was a weaving master and overseer at the Cotton Mill in Catrine. He succeeded him and for many years he and his wife, Jean lived in the house next door to Thomas in Wood Street in the village.

1841 Census - 10 Wood Street, Catrine Village

John Milligan, male, aged 35, cotton handloom weaver, born Ayrshire.

Jane Milligan, female, aged 35, born Ayrshire.

Agnes Milligan, female, aged 3, born Ayrshire.

Thomas Milligan, male, aged 1, born Ayrshire.

Interestingly, John is not mentioned in the 1861 Census, which only records the names of his wife, Jean and daughters Agnes and Martha still living at 10 Wood Street, Catrine. From here the family moved to Chapel Street, Airdrie.  John Milligan died on April 7, 1874, at 85 Chapel Street, Airdrie, aged 69 years. His death was registered by his son Robert Milligan, who was at the time living in Dalbeattie.  Jean Milligan, nee McGill, died on August 26, 1870, at 87 Chapel Street, Airdrie, aged 65 years. Her death was also registered by Robert.

Children of John MILLIGAN and Jean McGILL:

1. Agnes MILLIGAN, b. December 28, 1837, in Wood Street, Catrine; she was still living in Airdrie in 1900.

2. Thomas Rodger MILLIGAN, b. January 17, 1840, in Catrine. Thomas died unmarried of typhus fever, after an illness of 13 days, at 227 Thistle Street, Hutchesontown, Glasgow, on December 13, 1864. At the time of his death, he was employed as Cotton power loom tenter.  His death was registered by John Milligan his brother.

3. John MILLIGAN, b. August 11, 1842, in Catrine; d. 1905, Manchester, New Hampshire, USA. See 3rd Generation.

4. Martha MILLIGAN, b. April 8, 1847, in Catrine.

5. Robert Milligan, b. June 2, 1849, in Catrine.

Robert MILLIGAN youngest son of Roger and Francis MILLIGAN, b. November 16, 1811 in Catrine in the parish of Sorn; m. Margaret Peterkin from Stirling in Glasgow on June 3, 1838. At the time of his marriage, he was working as a mechanic engineer in Anderston, Glasgow. Robert died November 24, 1887, at 22 Allington Street, Glasgow, aged 75 years.

Children of Robert Milligan and Margaret Peterkin:

1. Thomas Roger MILLIGAN, b. 1847. He married Jessie Scougall, daughter of the deceased John Scougall and Mary Miller, on June 29, 1875, at 32 Abbotsford Place, Glasgow. Thomas and Jessie were married by Alexander Hislop, minister of the United Presbyterian Church.  At the time of his marriage, Thomas was employed as an artist, portrait and landscape painter and lived at 449 St. Vincent Street, Glasgow. His young wife was employed as a tailor’s machinist and she lived 194 Rose Street, Glasgow. In his marriage certificate, his father’s employment is given as ‘mechanical engineer and storekeeper. He died a ‘widower’ on 14 Weir Street, Glasgow, a retired art teacher on September 24, 1921, aged 79 years.  Thomas and Jessie had one daughter, Mary Miller Milligan, b. February 8, 1878.

2. Catherine Milligan, b. 1851 and died young.


John MILLIGAN second son of John Milligan and Jean McGill, b. August 11, 1842, in Catrine, Ayrshire. He married Margaret (Maggie) Gordon daughter of James Gordon and Christina Penman, on June 1, 1869, Airdrie, Lanarkshire. She was born January 21, 1847, in Dunsyre, Lanarkshire. In 1869, John was living at 87 Chapel Street, Airdrie, working as a Cotton Mill tenter. The following information is extracted from the Registry of Marriages.

Father, John Milligan, worked as Cotton Mill tenter.

Mother, Jean Milligan, M.S. McGill.

Married, Margaret Gordon, spinster, living at 31 Commonside, Airdrie.

Father, James Gordon, contractor, deceased.

Mother, Christina Gordon, M.S. Penman.

Marriage took place at 31 Commonside, Airdrie.

Witnessed by Robert Milligan and Maggie Paul.

Marriage performed by Walter Roberts MA, of Wellwynd United Presbyterian Church.

Margaret Gordon’s father, James died in 1856, when she was only nine years old. In 1861 Census, Maggie was living with Alexander Hunter and Margaret his wife, at 29 Commonside, Airdrie. Also, living there was John Gordon (brother to Maggie) aged 18 years; Mary Inglis (niece to Alexander and Margaret) aged 19 years, and Maggie G. Paul (grand-daughter of Alexander and Margaret) aged 6 years.

Right after their marriage, John and Margaret moved to London Road in the Bridgeton area of Glasgow. The first of their three children, John, Alexander and Maggie were all born in Glasgow and all died before the aged of three. After the birth of their next three children, Thomas, Jane and James, John and Margaret emigrated with their young family to the City of Manchester in New Hampshire, USA, in 1881. Here, their youngest child Robert Milligan was born in 1881.

Children of John Milligan and Margaret Gordon:

1. John MILLIGAN, b. March 22, 1870, 112 London Road, Glasgow; d. May 1, 1870, at the same address in Glasgow aged six weeks.

2. Alexander Hunter MILLIGAN, b. April 4, 1871, 112 London Road, Glasgow; d. August 2, 1873, at 23 Walkinshaw Street, Glasgow, 2 years and three months.

3. Margaret (Maggie) Gordon MILLIGAN, b. March 12, 1873, 112 London Road, Glasgow; d. April 24, 1873, at Commonside Street, Airdrie, aged six weeks.

4. Thomas Rodger MILLIGAN, b. March 20, 1874, in Oakfield Place, Brandon Street, Motherwell; d. 1946, in Manchester, New Hampshire, USA.

5. Jane McGill MILLIGAN, b. April 27, 1876, 20 Oakfield Place, Brandon Street, Motherwell; d. December 23, 1894, in Manchester, New Hampshire, USA.

6. James Gordon MILLIGAN, b. June 15, 1878, 20 Oakfield Place, Motherwell; d. March 11, 1946, in Manchester, New Hampshire, USA.

7. Robert MILLIGAN, b. November 30, 1881, Manchester, New Hampshire, USA; d. January 19, 1884, Manchester, New Hampshire, USA.

8. Robert MILLIGAN third son of John Milligan and Jean McGill, b. June 2, 1849, in Catrine. He married Alice Durno Barr, daughter of the deceased James Barr, master bricklayer, and Jane Moffat, at 190 Slatefield Street, Dennistoun, Glasgow, on June 23, 1874. At the time of their marriage, Robert was employed as a master draper and a bachelor aged 25 years. Interestingly, his usual address is given as Station Road, Dalbeattie in Kirkcudbrightshire. Alice was described as being a spinster aged 24 years, and resided at 190 Slaterfield Street, Glasgow, where she and Robert were married by Rev. Matthew Crawford, minister of Duke Street United Presbyterian Church in Glasgow. They were married in the presence of Jessie Barr and Robert Milligan. Alice was born in Glasgow.

With his young family Robert moved to Dundee and then in 1889, they went to Arbroath, where he took over the management of an old established drapery business, namely, Messers Salmond & Donaldson on the High Street. Five years later, he commenced his own business in High Street, and subsequently transferred his drapery business to Keptie Street, where he retired two years earlier prior to his death in 1931. His son James Barr Milligan took over the business.

Alice Durno Barr died at 6 Princess Street, Arbroath on October 2, 1929, aged 79 years.  Robert would follow her some two years later, when he died March 27, 1931, at the same address, aged 81 years. Their son James B. Milligan was the registrar’s informant and both of them were buried in Western Cemetery, Arbroath.

Children of Robert Milligan and Alice Barr:

1. John MILLIGAN, b. October 28, 1875, at 87 Chapel Street, Airdrie.

2. James Barr MILLIGAN, b September 9, 1878, at Springside Building, Coatbridge.

3. Thomas Rodger MILLIGAN, b. December 24, 1879, at Dunbeth Terrace, Coatbridge.

4. Jane Moffat MILLIGAN, b. June 5, 1882, at 18 Edmund Street, Glasgow.

5. Robert George MILLIGAN, b. May 24, 1884, at 97 Chapel Street, Airdrie, Lanarkshire, the home of Agnes and Martha Milligan. At the time of his birth, his father and mother were residing 12 Carfin Street, Glasgow. He married Annie Liddell, daughter of William Liddell, engine fitter, and Mary Mitchell, at 137 Chapel Street, Airdrie, on July 19, 1911. They married by Rev. George McLennan, minister of the Church of Scotland. Their marriage certificate also records, Robert was a bachelor employed as a teacher in a Public School and he resided at 135 Chapel Street, Airdrie.  Mary lived with her parents at 137 Chapel Street, which suggests they both lived in the same tenement.  Robert died September 12, 1974.  He was the father of late William Liddell Milligan of Portsmouth.

6. George Alexander MILLIGAN, b. July 17, 1888, in Glasdon Street, Dundee.

7. Alice Barr MILLIGAN, b. April 22, 1890, at 44 Dishland Street, Arbroath.

William Liddell Milligan (1918-2005)

Dedicated to a remarkable man whom the writer had the privilege to met in person in Portsmouth